SIMPSON Archibald

Name Archibald SIMPSON
Country Of Origin Scotland
Born 1806
Died 1879
Birth/Baptism Born approx. 1806, Falkland, Fife, Scotland
Parents unknown
Apprenticeship unknown
Skills Clockmaker, Watchmaker
Work Locations Hobart, Launceston
Street Address
Elizabeth Street, Hobart
Brisbane Street, Launceston
Marriage/Spouse 8 June 1843, at the residence of James Barclay, Launceston, to Hannah Stone (convict per Garland Grove 1841).
Witnesses: James Barclay and Anne Barclay.

18 September 1851, Launceston, to Harriet Watts

Trial 2 September 1831: High Court, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland.
5 March 1834: Hobart Supreme Court.
October 1838: Hobart.
Sentence 1831: Fourteen years transportation for theft at Kinross, Kinross-shire, Scotland (held on the hulk Justitia at Woolwich from 1 November 1831 before transportation).
1834: Seven years transportation for stealing a gold ring, a silver watch guard, and other articles, the property of David Barclay.
October 1838: Three years added to his existing sentence for stealing a watch from David Barclay, with two years to be served back at Port Arthur.
Arrival 16 July 1832 on the convict ship, Katherine Stewart Forbes
Police Number 1539
Convict Assignment David Barclay, watchmaker of Hobart, and possibly Thomas Hamilton.
Ticket of Leave April 1841, suspended in September 1841 for not waiting for his name to be called at muster and not attending church.
October 1841: Ticket of leave restored.
Conditional Pardon
Other On arrival, described as 5’10” with reddish-brown hair and whiskers, large head, high retreating forehead, and florid complexion.

1832-February 1834: Assigned to Hobart watchmaker David Barclay.
April 1833: Archibald and watchmaker Charles Jones, also assigned to David Barclay, were sentenced to 25 lashes for being out after hours.

1835-1838: Port Arthur. Charges included having items ‘improperly in his possession’: a ring, a watch seal, tobacco, a pipe, and a fellow prisoner’s shirt. He also made and trafficked jewellery, was disobedient, and sometimes refused to work. Punishments included lashings, time in solitary confinement, and chain gangs.

By late 1838, Archibald was back with David Barclay, stole a watch, and was sent back to Port Arthur for two of the additional three-year sentence.
1841: Assigned to Thomas Hamilton, clock and watchmaker of Hobart.
By 1843: Worked for Launceston watchmaker James Barclay.
November 1845: Commenced business in premises adjoining the late Mr Barclay’s and advertised as Barclay’s late foreman.

September 1848: Free Certificate
October 1848: Advertised ‘Gold and silver patent lever watches from one of the best London Makers.’
Approx. 1849-1856: Employed watch and clockmaker James Parker.

January 1850: Advised the public he would not be accountable for debts contracted by anyone using his name.
December 1852: Place a wanted ad in the newspaper for ‘a good steady workman, to whom the highest wages will be given.’
June 1855: Advertised for a watchmaker, noting anyone applying from Hobart Town or neighbouring colonies would have their expenses advanced.

December 1855: Archibald received an assortment of clocks by special order from England for his Brisbane Street business. The newspaper described them as ‘surpassing in elegance of design, of perfect workmanship, usually called table of mantelpiece clocks, and highly finished works of art.’
Features mentioned were gold and mother of pearl inlay, papier mache, mahogany and rosewood cases, and silvered dials.

The Examiner (Launceston) 11 December 1856:
‘Serious Accident – Mr A Simpson, watchmaker, in Brisbane Street, met with a serious accident at Hobart Town, last week. He was in a gig in company with Mr Thomas Hamilton, a watchmaker at Hobart Town, when the wheel of the vehicle (a high American gig), came in contact with a stone and both were thrown out. Mr Simpson was taken up in a state of insensibility, which lasted for several hours; having received a severe wound on the head, and the injury appeared so serious that it was at first supposed that a fatal result would ensue. We are glad to say, however, that since then Mr Simpson has been able to return to Launceston, though far from having recovered. Mr Hamilton escaped with a broken nose and finger. No damage was done to either horse of gig.’

June 1857: Placed an ad in the newspaper stating all watches left for repair at clock and watchmaker’s, Mr W Abbott of York Street, could be collected from Mr A Simpson, Brisbane Street.

Cornwall Chronicle 20 July 1861:
‘Shooting at a wife.
Mr Simpson, a watchmaker of Brisbane Street, was arrested by the Police at his residence yesterday evening for having fired a pistol at his wife. Fortunately, Mrs Simpson escaped to the adjoining premises uninjured.’

Death 31 May 1879, at his residence, 36 Elizabeth Street, Launceston
TAHO: CON31/1/39, CON27/1/5, CON32/1/1, CON18/1/10, SC32/1/2 1834, CON52/1/2 1843, RGD37/1/3 no322 Marriage 1843, RGD37/1/10 no 623 Marriage 1851, RGD35/1/48 no561 Death 1879.
Web: Ancestry: United Kingdom Prison Hulk Register 1831; Founders & Survivors convict database; Findmypast: National Records of Scotland, Reference AD14/31/279, Scotland Court & Criminal Database 1831.
The Tasmanian 30 November 1832, 15 March 1833, 26 April 1833; Colonial Times 28 January 1834, 25 February 1834, 11 March 1834, 9 October 1838; The Courier Hobart 30 April 1841; Cornwall Chronicle 8 May 1841, 3 June 1843, 29 November 1845, 18 October 1848, 21 October 1848, 5 January 1850, 3 December 1850, 31 December 1852, 2 June 1879; The Examiner (Launceston) 16 September 1848, 9 December 1856, 2 June 1857, 9 July 1859, 9 June 1879; The People’s Advocate or True Friend of Tasmania 11 June 1855, 27 December 1855.